Enhancement Projects

Project Name Description
SFMTA – Central Subway

The SFMTA’s most prominent enhancement project is the Central Subway, a 1.7 mile extension of the existing Third Street light rail line to Chinatown that will vastly improve transportation to and from some of the city’s busiest, most densely populated areas. This transformational project will provide direct connections to major retail, sporting, and cultural venues while efficiently transporting people to jobs, educational opportunities, and other amenities. With stops in South of Market (SoMa), Yerba Buena, Union Square, and Chinatown, the Central Subway will vastly improve transit options for the residents of these neighborhoods.


The cost of this project is approximately $1.6 billion and is expected to begin service in 2019.

SFMTA – Communications & IT Infrastructure

The SFMTA maintains a wide array of IT assets across the city, from Wi-Fi and telephone systems at SFMTA worksites to the fiber network that provides the internal communication backbone of the Muni Metro system. Projects planned for the next five years include procuring new Muni Metro subway blue light (emergency response) phones, pre-planning for a new time clock project to improve operational efficiency, and replacing antiquated radio communications systems.


The expected cost of SFMTA’s communications & IT Infrastructure projects through FY2027 is approximately $6.6 million.

SFMTA – Facilities

The facilities program at SFMTA supports the modernization and expansion of outdated facilities to make them safe and efficient, as well as acquiring new facilities to accommodate fleet growth. Over the next five years, the Agency will carry out projects to make sure that all SFMTA employees experience a safe, comfortable, and efficient working environment.


The SFMTA will spend $191 million through FY2027 to upgrade its facilities.

SFMTA – Fixed Transit Guideway

Muni’s fixed guideway systems, which include light rail, trolley coach, streetcar, and historic cable car lines, are a crucial component of San Francisco’s transportation infrastructure. Key fixed guideway projects planned for the next five years include the Muni Metro Twin Peaks Tunnel track replacement, rail signal upgrades at priority locations like Saint Francis Circle and San Jose Avenue, and projects addressing train control throughout the Muni Metro system.


The cost of the fixed transit guideway program is $395 million through FY2027.

SFMTA – Fleet Capital Program

The fleet capital program is planning enhancement projects include the expansion of the light rail vehicle, motor and trolley coach, as well as improvements to the radio communication system within the communications and IT capital program, and improving maintenance facilities that support Muni fleet in the Facility capital program.


SFMTA plans to spend approximately $1.8 billion on its fleet through FY2027.

SFMTA – Parking

The SFMTA parking program supports the planning, design, rehabilitation and construction of public parking garages, as well as street infrastructure and facilities related to public parking. Some of the parking projects over the next five years include the rehabilitation and equipment upgrades of key parking structures such as Civic Center Plaza, Golden Gateway, Japan Center, Moscone Center, Performing Arts Center, Union Square, and neighborhood garages in North Beach.


The cost for these parking rehabilitation projects through FY2027 is $30 million.

SFMTA – Security

SFMTA security program funds are used to plan, design, and implement security initiatives in case of a natural disaster, terrorist attack, or other emergency situations. Some of the security projects planned for the next five years include investments in the physical security of subway systems, revenue-fleet maintenance, and storage facilities, as well as threats and vulnerabilities countermeasures. The security program also provides security and emergency preparedness training for frontline transit employees.


The security program at SFMTA will cost $19 million through FY2027.

SFMTA – Streets Program

San Francisco is a national leader in complete streets design that accommodates all transportation modes and prioritizes safety for vulnerable users. The SFMTA is implementing enhancement projects that make walking and bicycling safer in the City thereby supporting the Vision Zero goal of eliminating traffic deaths.


The cost of the SFMTA’s streets program through FY2027 is $535 million.

SFMTA – Taxi

The SFMTA taxi program strives to make comfortable, efficient, and environmentally friendly taxis available throughout the city. Program funds are used to plan, design, and implement improvements to the taxi system and to provide a better customer experience for all taxi users. Current projects include continued incentive programs for “green” taxi technology such as electronic taxi hailing, a taxi Clean Air Energy Rebate, and an electric vehicle charging network.


The SFMTA taxi program will cost four million dollars through FY2027.

SFMTA – Traffic and Signals

The traffic and signals program provides funding for upgrading, replacing and constructing new traffic signals and signal infrastructure. The SFMTA is replacing outdated signals with Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) tools to enhance traffic analysis, provide transit signal priority, and expedite maintenance procedures. ITS tools include advanced traffic signal controllers, traffic cameras, video detection, variable message signs, and a communications network. This program also funds the design and construction of new and upgraded traffic signals to improve safety and help the city reach its Vision Zero goal of eliminating all traffic fatalities and severe injuries by 2024.


The cost of the traffic and signals program is $119 million through FY2027.

SFMTA – Transit Optimization and Expansion

The transit optimization and expansion program is a series of projects which will make Muni more efficient, reliable, safe, and comfortable for its existing 700,000 daily passengers – as well as to prepare the system for future growth. Included in this program is Muni Forward, an initiative designed to enhance service on certain bus and light rail lines. These projects address the root causes of delay and passenger frustration like traffic congestion, stops that are spaced too close together, narrow travel lanes, and slow boarding times. The Van Ness Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), discussed as part of the SFCTA Enhancements, is part of this program and now in the implementation phase, led by SFMTA.


The cost of SFMTA’s transit optimization and expansion program is $1 billion through FY2027.

SFO – Airfield Enhancements

Major airfield-related projects include taxiway improvement projects, runway overlays, and apron reconstruction projects.


SFO is planning to spend over $161 million on Airfield Enhancements in the next 10 years.

SFO – Airport Support Projects

Major airport support projects include security infrastructure improvements, various technology improvement projects, renovation of the Superbay Hangar, construction of the first phase of the Consolidated Administrative Campus, the Airport Shoreline Protection program, and the demolition of the Airport’s existing air traffic control tower.


SFO plans to spend nearly $480 million on Airport Support projects in the next 10 years.

SFO – Groundside Projects

The largest groundside project is the construction of a new Airport-owned hotel. In September 2015 the Airport Commission awarded a Hotel Management Agreement to Hyatt Corporation and authorized the issuance of debt to finance the development and construction of the on-Airport hotel and related AirTrain station. Other major groundside projects include the development of a new consolidated rental car facility and conversion of the existing rental car facility for public parking use, a new long-term parking garage, and the extension of the AirTrain system to the new long-term parking garage.


The estimated cost of SFO’s Groundside projects is $1.1 billion over the next 10 years.

SFO – Terminal Redevelopment

The largest terminal projects are the redevelopment of Terminal 1 and the renovation and reconfiguration of the western side of Terminal 3. The planned Terminal 1 renovations include additional gates in Boarding Area B, seismic and building systems improvements, construction of a new baggage handling system, renovation of the central and southern portions of the departures hall, and construction of a post-security passenger connector from Terminal 1 to the International Terminal. The reconfiguration and renovation of the western side of Terminal 3 focuses on increasing gate flexibility, improving seismic stability, upgrading building and baggage handling systems, improving passenger flow, and enhancing passenger amenities.


SFO plans to spend approximately $2.5 billion on its Terminal Redevelopment projects over the next 10 years.

SFO – Utilities Enhancements

Major utilities-related projects include waste water system improvements, water system improvements, power and lighting improvements, and the installation of an energy management control system.


In the next 10 years SFO estimates that it will spend over $318 million on Utilities Enhancements.

SFCTA – Bus Rapid Transit Planning The SFCTA, in partnership with SFMTA, leads the environmental studies for Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) on Van Ness Avenue (now in construction), Geary Boulevard (starting design in early 2017) and a feasibility study for BRT in the Geneva-Harney corridor (now in environmental studies phase). By FY2018, all of these projects will have transitioned to SFMTA for implementation. BRT is a new mode of transit for San Francisco, developed to deliver many of the benefits of light rail at a lower cost. It is a high-quality transit service that reduces travel time, increases reliability, and improves passenger comfort by giving the bus an exclusive lane to operate faster and more reliably. For an in-depth discussion of San Francisco’s BRT projects, please see the SFMTA’s 5-year Capital Improvement Plan.
SFCTA – Presidio Parkway

The Presidio Parkway, also known as Doyle Drive or Route 101, addresses the problems associated with an aging structure (built in 1936) as well as a desire to integrate what had been an elevated roadway structure through an active Army installation into what is now the Presidio National Park. Construction of Phase I was substantially completed in mid-2012 when a portion of the new permanent parkway as well as a temporary bypass were opened. Construction of Phase II began in 2012 and is being delivered through the State of California’s first public-private-partnership. Golden Link Partners was selected to design, build, finance, operate, and maintain the project for 30 years. In July 2015 the final roadway configuration was opened for public use. Work continues on related elements, including landscaping and will be completed in late 2016.


The SFCTA expects to spend $1.8 million to complete the Presidio Parkway project.

SFCTA – Treasure Island and I-80/ Yerba Buena Island Interchange and Mobility Projects

The SFCTA is working with the Treasure Island Development Authority (TIDA) on the development of these projects. On the east side of the island, new westbound on- and off-ramps to the new eastern span of the Bay Bridge have been constructed, opened for use on October 22, 2016. On the west side of the island, existing bridge structures will be seismically retrofitted. This part of the project is scheduled to start construction in the spring of 2018 after the Caltrans Bay Bridge eastbound on-off ramps improvement project and TIDA’s Macalla Road reconstruction in order to avoid traffic circulation delays. These projects are scheduled to be completed by mid-2020.


These projects will cost approximately $96 million over the next 10 years.

SFCTA – Treasure Island Mobility Management Program

In its role as the Treasure Island Mobility Management Agency, the SFCTA is responsible for implementing a comprehensive and integrated transportation program to manage travel demand on Treasure Island as the Treasure Island Redevelopment Project proceeds. The centerpiece of this effort is an integrated and multimodal congestion pricing demonstration program that applies motorist user fees to support enhanced bus, ferry, and shuttle transit, as well as bicycling options, to reduce the traffic impacts of the project. The capital elements to be funded by the Treasure Island Mobility Management Program include upfront capital cost of tolling infrastructure and ferry vessel purchase. Installation and testing of the tolling system is expected to start in FY2018. All work is timed to support new development on Treasure Island, with sales of the first 1,000 housing units expected in FY2020.


The Treasure Island Mobility Management Program will cost $61 million over the next 10 years.

SFCTA – Quint Street Bridge Replacement and Quint-Jerrold Connector Road

The existing Caltrain rail bridge over Quint Street is over 100 years old and in need of replacement. The Quint Street Bridge Replacement project will replace the rail bridge with a berm that will facilitate construction of a potential future Caltrain station at Oakdale Avenue. The SFCTA and Department of Public Works are working collaboratively on the Quint-Jerrold Connector Road Project, which will link Quint Street just north of Oakdale Avenue to Jerrold Avenue via a new road along the west side of the Caltrain tracks. The road will also support the potential new Caltrain Station at Oakdale Avenue and provide access to other nearby land uses.


The current cost estimate for the project is $13 million based on planning designs. The expected cost of this project is $9.7 million over the next 10 years.

Caltrain – Caltrain Electrification

In March 2012, the JPB entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with the California High Speed Rail Authority to make strategic, early investments in the Peninsula Corridor that would allow Caltrain’s existing system to support high-speed rail services while enhancing Caltrain service. These improvements include corridor electrification and an advanced signal system. The electrification program, or Peninsula Corridor Electrification Project (PCEP) is the centerpiece of Caltrain’s proposed Capital Improvement Program to transform the system into a world-class commuter rail system connecting San Francisco and San Jose.


The total project cost for PCEP infrastructure is $1.3 billion, while the replacement of train-sets is estimated to cost $665 million. The cost of the signal system is $245 million. A mix of local, regional, state, and federal funding sources have been identified to cover the costs. At the local level, the JPB has agreed to contribute $180 million, to be split equally between the three member entities for both PCEP and the advanced signal system. The JPB Capital Improvement Program includes $60 million in San Francisco funding sources, with roughly $24 million from the Proposition K sales tax funds and an estimated $40 million from G.O. Bonds.

TJPA – Transbay Transit Center Phase 1

Phase 1 of this project entails the construction of the new multimodal Transbay Transit Center, which will serve train and bus commuters, local area office workers, and residents of the emerging Transbay neighborhood. The Transbay Transit Center is composed of four levels above-ground and two levels below and will contain active pedestrian, shopping, dining, and recreational areas. A bus ramp will connect the Bay Bridge to the elevated bus deck of the Transit Center for buses providing service across the Bay. A new bus storage facility, to be used primarily by AC Transit, will be constructed below the I-80 West approach to the Bay Bridge. The facility will also include AC Transit offices, storage, and restrooms. Construction of the Transit Center began in 2010 and is scheduled to be completed in 2017.


The total budget for Phase 1 is $2.2 billion, $274 million of which falls in the Plan’s timeframe. The project is funded through a combination of local, regional, state, and federal funds.

TJPA – Transbay Transit Center Phase 2

Phase 2 of the Transbay Transit Center will build the 1.95-mile DTX connection for Caltrain commuter and high-speed rail. The DTX will extend from the current Caltrain terminus at Fourth and King streets into the lower level of the new Transit Center. Phase 2 includes a new Caltrain station at Fourth and Townsend streets, an intercity bus facility to house Greyhound and Amtrak intercity bus service, and potentially a block-long pedestrian tunnel between the lower level of the Transit Center and the Embarcadero BART/Muni Metro station. Construction will begin once Phase 2 is fully funded.


The capital cost of Phase 2 is estimated at approximately $3.9 billion, nearly all of which falls in the Plan’s timeframe. It is funded through a mix of local, regional, state, and federal funds.

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